Tahukah kamu? 12 Fakta Menarik Tentang Kosta Rika

Fun facts about Costa Rica

Nestled between Nicaragua and Panama, Costa Rica is a small country that packs a mighty punch when it comes to natural beauty, biodiversity, and a vibrant, welcoming culture. This Central American gem is renowned for its lush jungles, pristine beaches, and commitment to conservation. However, there's much more to Costa Rica than meets the eye. Here are 12 fun facts about Costa Rica to spark your wanderlust.

Sloth hanging from a tree in Costa RicaUnsplash

1. Costa Rica is a biodiversity hotspot. 

Despite comprising only 0.03% of the earth's surface, Costa Rica harbors around 5% of the world's biodiversity. There are over 500,000 species representing flora and fauna. This exceptional biodiversity is protected in reserves and national parks that cover more than one-quarter of the country's land area.

2. Of its 500,000 species, 900 are birds.

Costa Rica is a birdwatcher's paradise, boasting over 900 avian species, including the resplendent quetzal, scarlet macaw, and hummingbirds of myriad hues. Birding enthusiasts flock to its diverse habitats, binoculars in hand, in search of rare sightings.

3. It's a haven for hummingbirds.

Costa Rica is home to over 50 species of hummingbirds, making it an unparalleled destination for bird watchers and nature enthusiasts. These diminutive and vibrant birds can be seen fluttering in gardens and among the lush landscapes that characterize much of the country.

Arenal Volcano, Costa RicaPexels

4. The country has over 200 volcanic formations.

Costa Rica's volcanoes date back over 65 million years. 100 or so show signs of volcanic activity and five are considered active: Arenal, Poás, Rincón de la Vieja, Irazú, and Turrialba. Until recently, the Arenal Volcano was one of the most active volcanoes in the world.

5. "Pura Vida" is a way of life.

It translates to "pure life" or "simple life," and it's more than a greeting — it's a philosophy that celebrates living in the moment and appreciating the joy of life. This attitude reflects the happy and content nature of the Costa Rican population.

6. Costa Rica has ambitious plans to become carbon neutral.

It intends to achieve this goal by 2050. The country already generates more than 98% of its electricity from renewable sources such as hydroelectric, geothermal, solar, and wind power.

Beach on the Nicoya Peninsula, Costa RicaUnsplash

7. Nicoya Peninsula is a Blue Zone. 

A Blue Zone is an area where people live significantly longer lives. The Nicoyan diet, strong social networks, physical activity, and a sunny outlook on life contribute to their impressive longevity.

8. Coffee is one of the principal traditional exports of Costa Rica.

The production and brewing of coffee bean plants have been a significant part of its culture and economy for over 200 years. Costa Rica's Arabica beans are considered among the finest in the world.

9. Costa Rica is home to the world's largest butterfly observatory.

Spanning over 29,000 square feet, the observatory houses thousands of colorful butterflies representing various species. Visitors can wander through lush gardens and observe these delicate creatures up close, learning about their life cycle, behaviors, and ecological importance in Costa Rica's rich biodiversity.

Woman paddling a kayak in Drake Bay, Costa RicaUnsplash

10. It's an outdoor adventure paradise.

With dense rainforests, towering volcanoes, and rushing rivers, Costa Rica is a favorite destination for adventure tourism. Activities include ziplining through cloud forests, white-water rafting, and surfing some of the best waves in the Pacific and the Caribbean.

11. Costa Rica is a leader in sustainable tourism.

The country has many eco-lodges, wildlife reserves, and tour operators committed to minimizing their environmental impact. Travelers can explore the country's natural wonders with peace of mind, knowing their visit supports conservation efforts.

12. It's a green energy pioneer.

For several years, the country has run on 100% renewable energy for over two consecutive months at a time, showcasing its commitment to sustainable practices.

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