Panduan Perjalanan Prancis: Semua yang Perlu Anda Ketahui

France travel guide

Are you dreaming of strolling along the picturesque streets of Paris, savoring a croissant at a sidewalk café, or exploring majestic châteaux in the French countryside? France has long been a beloved destination for travelers seeking art, culture, history, and gastronomy. From the romantic capital city to charming villages and stunning landscapes, this country offers a wealth of experiences. In this comprehensive guide, we'll cover everything you need to know to plan an unforgettable trip to France.

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Bridge across the Seine in Paris at nighttimeUnsplash

Best Time to Visit

France is a year-round destination, with each season offering its own unique charm. To help you decide the best time to visit, let's take a closer look at each season:

  • Spring (April to June): Spring is a fantastic time to visit France. It's a perfect season to explore cities, visit gardens in full bloom, and attend various festivals like the Cannes Film Festival in May.
  • Summer (July to August): The summer months bring long days of sunshine, making it an ideal time to explore the French Riviera, relax on the sandy beaches of Nice, or take a cruise along the stunning coastlines. However, keep in mind that July and August are popular months for tourists, so some areas might be crowded.
  • Fall (September to November): Fall in France offers mild weather, fewer crowds, and picturesque landscapes. It's a fantastic time to visit wine regions like Bordeaux, Burgundy, and Alsace.
  • Winter (December to February): Winter in France is magical, especially during the holiday season. Paris is lit up with twinkling lights, ice skating rinks pop up in various cities, and skiers can hit the slopes in the French Alps.

Top Attractions

France is home to some of the most captivating cities and regions in the world. Let's take a closer look at the top attractions you should consider adding to your itinerary.

Aerial view of Paris, FranceUnsplash

Paris

Known as the "City of Light," Paris is a must-visit destination for its iconic landmarks, world-class museums, and romantic ambiance. Don't miss the Eiffel Tower, the Louvre Museum, and the charming neighborhoods of Montmartre and Le Marais.

The best things to do in Paris:

  • Visit the Eiffel Tower: A trip to Paris would be incomplete without a visit to the iconic Eiffel Tower. Take an elevator or climb the stairs to the top for breathtaking views of the city.
  • Explore the Louvre Museum: The Louvre is the world's largest art museum and a must-visit for art lovers. Discover priceless masterpieces such as the Mona Lisa and immerse yourself in centuries of history and culture.
  • Take a stroll along the Champs-Élysées: Known as the world's most beautiful avenue, the Champs-Élysées offers a vibrant atmosphere with high-end shops, cafes, and iconic landmarks like the Arc de Triomphe.
  • Discover the historic neighborhood of Le Marais: This charming district is known for its narrow medieval streets, trendy boutiques, art galleries, and delicious culinary delights. Explore the historic architecture and soak up the vibrant atmosphere.
  • Visit Montmartre: This bohemian neighborhood boasts stunning views of Paris, a lively arts scene, and iconic landmarks such as the Sacré-Coeur Basilica. For more breathtaking views, take a funicular or climb up to the top of the hill.

Related: The Best Time To Visit Paris

Lavender field in Provence, FranceUnsplash

Provence

This picturesque region in southeastern France is famous for its lavender fields, medieval villages, and charming vineyards. Explore the stunning town of Aix-en-Provence, visit the enchanting village of Gordes, and immerse yourself in the vibrant colors of the Luberon Valley.

The best things to do in Provence:

  • Visit the lavender fields: Provence is famous for its vast lavender fields, making France second only to Bulgaria in lavender oil production. Take in the beauty of Provence's lavender fields and enjoy the vibrant colors and soothing fragrance.
  • Discover Aix-en-Provence: This charming city is known for its artistic and intellectual heritage, as well as its picturesque streets and beautiful architecture. Explore the winding streets of the old town and visit historical sites like the Cathédrale Saint-Sauveur and Hôtel de Ville.
  • Explore the Palace of the Popes in Avignon: Visit the Palais des Papes in Avignon, a UNESCO-listed structure that served as the residence for six popes in the 14th century. It is one of the world's largest and most important Gothic buildings.
  • Discover charming villages: Provence is known for its picturesque and historic villages. Spend a day exploring villages like Gordes, Roussillon, and Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, with their narrow streets, medieval architecture, and local markets.
  • Experience the Verdon Gorge: The Verdon Gorge is a stunning natural attraction in Provence. Enjoy activities like hiking, kayaking, and canoeing while admiring the breathtaking canyon views and turquoise waters of the Verdon River.

Vineyard in BordeauxiStock

Bordeaux

Wine enthusiasts shouldn't miss Bordeaux, a city renowned for its prestigious vineyards and magnificent architecture. Take a tour of the famous wine châteaux in the surrounding region and indulge in tasting Bordeaux's world-class wines.

The best things to do in Bordeaux:

  • Visit Place de la Bourse: Explore the iconic square, Place de la Bourse, on the left bank of the Garonne River. This majestic square was built in the 1720s and has become a symbol of Bordeaux. It was designed by Jacques Gabriel, Louis XV's favorite architect.
  • Discover the Cité du Vin: Immerse yourself in the world of wine at La Cité du Vin, Bordeaux's landmark wine museum. Shaped like a gigantic wine decanter, this museum offers an immersive experience and showcases the history, culture, and diversity of wines from around the world.
  • Explore the historic gates of Bordeaux: Take a stroll through the city to discover the remaining gates that once marked the borders of Bordeaux. Visit landmarks like La Grosse Cloche, La Porte Cailhau, Porte de Bourgogne, Porte d'Aquitaine, and Porte Dijeaux, each with its own historical significance.
  • Take a wine tour: Bordeaux is renowned for its world-class wines, so why not embark on a wine tour? Visit vineyards, taste different wines, and learn about the winemaking process while enjoying the picturesque landscapes of the Bordeaux wine region.
  • Visit the Musée des Beaux-Arts: Explore the Musée des Beaux-Arts, one of the largest fine arts museums in France. Located in a beautiful 18th-century palace, the museum houses a diverse collection of artworks spanning from the Renaissance to the 20th century, including works by famous artists like Rubens, Matisse, and Picasso.

Square in Nice, FranceUnsplash

Nice and the French Riviera

Known for its glamorous lifestyle and stunning coastline, Nice is the perfect base for exploring the French Riviera. Soak up the sun on the beaches of the Promenade des Anglais, visit the charming villages of Antibes, Menton, and Èze, and experience the glitz of Monaco.

The best things to do in Nice and the French Riviera:

  • Walk along the Promenade des Anglais: Enjoy a leisurely stroll along the famous Promenade des Anglais in Nice. This iconic waterfront promenade offers beautiful views of the Mediterranean Sea and is perfect for a relaxing walk or bike ride.
  • Explore Old Nice: Discover the historic heart of Nice in the charming neighborhood of Old Nice (Vieux Nice). Wander through its narrow streets, visit the colorful market of Cours Saleya, and admire the stunning Baroque architecture.
  • Visit the village of Èze: Take a day trip to the village of Èze, perched on a cliff overlooking the French Riviera. Explore its medieval streets, visit the Jardin Exotique for breathtaking views, and immerse yourself in the charm of this picturesque hilltop village.
  • Discover Monaco, Monte Carlo, and Antibes: Explore the glitz and glamour of Monaco and Monte Carlo, known for their luxurious casinos, yacht-filled harbors, and prestigious events like the Formula 1 Grand Prix. Don't miss Antibes, with its beautiful beaches, historic town center, and the famous Picasso Museum.
  • Climb the stairs to Colline du Château: Challenge yourself with a climb up the stairs to Colline du Château in Nice. Once you reach the top, you'll be rewarded with panoramic views of the city, the coastline, and the sparkling Mediterranean Sea.

Chateau Cheverny, Loire Valley, FranceUnsplash

Loire Valley

Discover the fairytale castles of the Loire Valley. Marvel at the grandeur of Château de Chambord, explore the beautiful gardens of Château de Villandry, and get lost in the history and architecture of Château de Chenonceau. This region is a paradise for history buffs and architecture enthusiasts.

The best things to do in the Loire Valley:

  • Visit the Château de Chambord: Explore the grandeur of Château de Chambord, an iconic Renaissance castle known for its unique architecture and expansive grounds. Take a walk through the impressive double helix staircase and enjoy the beautiful French gardens.
  • Discover the Château de Chenonceau: Marvel at the elegance of Château de Chenonceau, a picturesque castle that spans across the Cher River. Explore its stunning architecture, intricate gardens, and historical significance as a site of refuge during World War II.
  • Explore the Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres: Immerse yourself in the beauty of Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres, a UNESCO World Heritage site known for its exquisite stained glass windows and Gothic architecture. Take a guided tour to learn about its fascinating history and cultural significance.
  • Visit the city of Amboise: Experience the charm of Amboise, a historic town in the Loire Valley. Explore the imposing Château d'Amboise, the final resting place of Leonardo da Vinci, and stroll through its picturesque streets lined with shops, cafes, and medieval architecture.
  • Explore the Château de Villandry: Don't miss the Château de Villandry, renowned for its stunning Renaissance gardens. As you wander through the meticulously designed gardens, you'll encounter a variety of themes, including the famous ornamental kitchen garden and water garden. The château itself is equally impressive, with its elegant architecture and beautifully furnished interior.

River view in Lyon, FranceUnsplash

Lyon

As the gastronomic capital of France, Lyon is a food lover's paradise. Explore the city's traboules (hidden passageways), wander through the Old Town, and indulge in the region's renowned cuisine.

The best things to do in Lyon:

  • Explore Vieux Lyon: Visit the charming neighborhood of Vieux Lyon, the city's Renaissance district. It is one of the largest Renaissance old quarters in Europe and is known for its beautiful architecture, narrow cobblestone streets, and traboules. Enjoy the vibrant atmosphere, browse through unique shops, and savor delicious local cuisine in this historic area.
  • Visit the Basilique Notre-Dame de Fourvière: Marvel at the stunning Basilique Notre-Dame de Fourvière, a symbol of Lyon located on top of Fourvière Hill. This magnificent basilica offers breathtaking panoramic views of the city and is known for its intricate mosaics and impressive architecture.
  • Stroll through Parc de la Tête d'Or: Escape the hustle and bustle of the city and relax in Parc de la Tête d'Or, one of Lyon's largest urban parks. Enjoy a leisurely walk around the scenic lake, visit the zoo, and explore the beautiful botanical garden. It's the perfect place to unwind and enjoy nature in the heart of the city.
  • Experience Les Halles de Lyon Paul Bocuse: Indulge in a food lover's paradise at Les Halles de Lyon Paul Bocuse. This famous indoor food market offers a wide array of fresh produce, local specialties, and gourmet delights. Sample regional cheeses, charcuterie, pastries, and more.

Mont Saint-Michel, FranceUnsplash

Hidden Gems

Beyond the popular tourist destinations, France is full of hidden gems waiting to be discovered.

Mont Saint-Michel

Marvel at the majestic Mont Saint-Michel, a medieval abbey perched on a rocky island off the coast of Normandy. Explore the narrow streets and soak in the breathtaking panoramic views. Stay overnight to experience this UNESCO World Heritage site after the day-trippers have left.

Annecy

Tucked away in the foothills of the French Alps, Annecy is a fairytale-like town known as the "Venice of the Alps." Its charming canals, colorful architecture, and stunning lake make it a hidden gem worth exploring.

Étretat

Located on the Normandy coast, Étretat is known for its iconic cliffs and natural arches. Take a coastal hike and be rewarded with breathtaking views of the English Channel.

Carcassonne

Step back in time in Carcassonne, a medieval fortress city with well-preserved ramparts and cobbled streets. Explore the impressive castle, walk along the ancient city walls, and immerse yourself in the town's rich history.

Colmar

Located in the Alsace region, Colmar is a charming town straight out of a fairytale. With its half-timbered houses, flower-filled canals, and delightful Christmas markets, it's a must-visit destination.

Palais de Versailles, FranceUnsplash

Bucket List Experiences

France offers plenty of bucket-list-worthy experiences that will make your trip truly memorable. From iconic landmarks to unique adventures, let's uncover the experiences that you simply can't miss.

  • Climb the Eiffel Tower: No visit to Paris is complete without ascending the iconic Eiffel Tower. Take the elevator or climb the stairs to the top for breathtaking panoramic views of the City of Light.
  • Visit the Palace of Versailles: Marvel at the opulence of the Palace of Versailles, the former residence of French kings. Explore the stunning gardens, Hall of Mirrors, and the famous Grand Trianon.
  • Cruise the French Riviera: Indulge in the glamorous lifestyle of the French Riviera by chartering a yacht or taking a cruise along the stunning coastline. Visit glamorous destinations like Saint-Tropez, Cannes, and Monaco.
  • Attend a French cooking class: Learn the art of French cuisine by participating in a cooking class. Discover the secrets of French pastries, traditional dishes, and wine pairing.
  • Explore the D-Day beaches: Pay homage to history by visiting the Normandy beaches where the D-Day landings took place during World War II. Visit the museums and memorials to gain a deeper understanding of this significant event.
  • Hike in the French Alps: Lace up your hiking boots and trek through the majestic landscapes of the French Alps.
  • Discover the Loire Valley castles: Explore the fairytale-like châteaux of the Loire Valley, such as Château de Chambord and Château de Chenonceau.
  • Take a wine tour in Burgundy: Visit vineyards, taste exquisite wines, and learn about the iconic region's winemaking traditions.
  • Visit the magical island of Corsica: Explore the rugged beauty of Corsica, a Mediterranean island with diverse landscapes ranging from stunning beaches to rugged mountains.

Montmartre neighborhood in Paris, FranceUnsplash

Travel Tips

Now that you're excited about your upcoming trip to France, let's go over some essential travel tips to ensure a smooth and enjoyable journey.

  • Entry and Exit Requirements: Ensure that you have a valid passport with at least six months' validity beyond your intended stay. Depending on your nationality, you may need a visa. Check the French embassy or consulate website for specific requirements.
  • Language: While French is the primary language spoken in France, many tourist areas have English-speaking staff. Nonetheless, learning a few essential phrases can go a long way in enhancing your travel experience.
  • Currency: The official currency of France is the Euro (€). ATMs are widely available, and credit cards are accepted in most establishments. However, it's always wise to carry some cash for smaller purchases and in case of emergencies.
  • Getting Around: France has an excellent transportation system that makes it easy to explore. Trains are ideal for long-distance travel, while buses are a budget-friendly option. In major cities like Paris, the metro and tram systems are efficient and convenient.
  • Plugs and Adapters: France uses the standard European two-pin sockets. Make sure to bring a universal travel adapter to charge your electronic devices.

Airalo eSIM app

France eSIM: Stay Connected With Airalo

Stay connected during your trip to France with an eSIM from Airalo. An eSIM is a tiny SIM that's embedded in your device and works 100% digitally. You can download an eSIM plan for your destination and instantly connect to a mobile network. There's no need to find a SIM card vendor, manage multiple SIMs, or worry about roaming fees. 

Here are just some of the benefits of using an Airalo eSIM:

  • Connect to a mobile network within minutes.
  • Choose from flexible local, regional, and global data plans.
  • Say goodbye to expensive roaming charges.
  • Store multiple eSIM data plans on your device.
  • Need more data? Top up in the Airalo app.

You're all set to plan a trip to France! Head to the Airalo store to browse eSIMs for France and 200+ countries and regions worldwide.


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