Panduan Perjalanan India: Semua yang Perlu Anda Ketahui

india travel guide

Diverse landscapes, rich cultural heritage, mouth-watering cuisine, and warm-hearted people make a trip to India the journey of a lifetime. But before you pack your bags, you'll need to know the wheres, whens, whats, and hows of traveling in India. Here's everything you need to know to plan an unforgettable trip.

In this article:

Traveler looking out a train window in IndiaSource: Unsplash

The Best Time to Visit

Generally, the best time to visit India is during the winter season, from October to March. During this period, the temperatures are cooler and more comfortable for sightseeing and exploring. It's a fantastic time to follow the Golden Triangle Circuit (Delhi, Agra, and Jaipur), discover the ruins of Hampi in Central India, and stretch out on Goa's beaches.

India's huge geographical size means the country experiences a great variety of climate conditions. When to go also depends on what part of the country you plan to visit. If you're beach-bound, October to February is the sweet spot, but if you're trekking the Himalayas, you'll want to wait until May to September. Here's a more detailed breakdown by region:

  • North India (Delhi, Agra, Rajasthan): October – March
  • Central India (Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh): October – March
  • Western India (Maharashtra, Gujarat, Goa): October – February
  • South India (Kerala, Tamil Nadu): December – March
  • Himalayan Region (Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand): May – September

Top Attractions

With so much historical and cultural diversity, it's impossible to see all of India in one visit. So, we've curated the top six places that are a must-add for your itinerary.

Exterior if Humayun's Tomb in Delhi, IndiaHumayun's Tomb // Unsplash


Delhi is chaos and calmness in a beautiful blend. From the historic Red Fort to the serene Lotus Temple and the bustling streets of Chandni Chowk — the city is a living, breathing museum.

The best things to do in Delhi:

  • India Gate: This 42-meter tall archway stands as a solemn memorial to the soldiers who died in World War I. It's an iconic meeting place where you can find locals and tourists enjoying the surrounding lawns and views of the Rajpath.
  • Akshardham Temple: This Hindu temple, also known as Swaminarayan Akshardham, is a spiritual-cultural marvel. It features beautiful carvings, gardens, exhibitions, and a captivating musical fountain.
  • The Red Fort: Also known as Lal Quila, this fortress was the primary residence of Mughal emperors for nearly 200 years. It hosts a series of museums that offer an insightful peek into an era gone by.
  • Chandni Chowk: This isn't your average shopping destination — Chandni Chowk is a perfect place to experience the chaos and charm of Delhi. Be sure to walk through the narrow lanes, sample street food, and shop for everything from spices to electronics.
  • Humayun's Tomb: This magnificently constructed garden tomb is the final resting place of the Mughal Emperor Humayun. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, it captures the early Mughal architectural style years before the construction of the world-famous Taj Mahal.

Exterior of the Taj Mahal in Agra, IndiaTaj Mahal // Unsplash


The next stop on the Golden Triangle Circuit, Agra, is an absolute must for history buffs. It's home to the iconic Taj Mahal and other UNESCO World Heritage Sites like the Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri. 

The best things to do in Agra:

  • Taj Mahal: This magnificent white marble mausoleum dedicated by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan to his beloved wife is a testament to the rich Mughal architecture. Make sure to experience it at different times of the day as it changes colors with the sunlight.
  • Agra Fort: Another highlight of Agra is the red sandstone Agra Fort. This historical fort has witnessed the reigns of numerous Mughal Emperors and offers a splendid view of the Taj Mahal from its pavilions.
  • Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb: Often referred to as the "Baby Taj," this mausoleum predates the Taj Mahal and is a must-visit for its intricate carvings and inlay work. Situated on the banks of the Yamuna River, it's believed to have inspired the design of the Taj Mahal.
  • Fatehpur Sikri: A short drive from Agra, Fatehpur Sikri is an abandoned Mughal city that Akbar established. The city is home to several historical buildings, including the Buland Darwaza and the tomb of Salim Chishti.
  • Mehtab Bagh: Located directly opposite the Taj Mahal, this Persian-style garden complex offers a stunning view of the mausoleum, especially at sunset. It's an excellent spot for photographers and those looking to escape the crowds while enjoying a view of the Taj Mahal.

Exterior of Hawa Mahal in Jaipur, IndiaHawa Mahal // Unsplash


The "Pink City" of Jaipur lives up to its name with its distinctive pastel-colored historic area. It's a treasure trove of historical landmarks like City Palace, Hawa Mahal, Amber Fort, and Jantar Mantar.

The best things to do in Jaipur:

  • Hawa Mahal: The "Palace of the Winds" is famous for its pink-hued exterior and countless windows. Take that perfect shot from across the street and sip on some local chai as you watch the palace bask in the golden hour glow.
  • Amber Fort (Amer Fort): This classic romantic Rajasthani fort palace has magnificent palaces, halls, gardens, and temples that showcase the splendor of the city's historic past. Make sure you catch the Light and Sound show in the evening.
  • City Palace: This royal residence fuses Rajasthani and Mughal architectural styles, showcasing the historical grandeur of the city's rulers.
  • Albert Hall Museum: Visit the oldest museum in Rajasthan, which contains various artifacts, including paintings, carpets, ivory, stone, metal sculptures, and colorful crystal works.
  • Jantar Mantar: This astronomical observation site is also a UNESCO World Heritage site, renowned for its unique collection of nineteen astronomical instruments.

Houseboat in Kerala, IndiaKerala // Unsplash


Picture yourself cruising the serene backwaters of Kerala on a traditional houseboat. Along the way, you'll encounter scenic landscapes of lush green paddy fields, swaying palm trees, and quaint villages.

The best things to do in Kerala:

  • Alappuzha: Also known as the "Venice of the East," Alappuzha is famous for its beautiful backwaters. Staying on a houseboat is an unforgettable experience.
  • Eravikulam National Park: The Eravikulam National Park in Munnar is one of the most frequented tourist attractions in Kerala due to the blooming of the Neelakurinji flower, which occurs once every 12 years.
  • Attend a Kathakali dance performance: This is a traditional art form of Kerala where the performers tell a story through dance and music. The colorful costumes and expressive performances are a treat to watch.
  • Periyar National Park: This national park and wildlife sanctuary is a protected area located high in the Cardamom Hills and Pandalam Hills of the south Western Ghats. It's home to tigers, elephants, and a variety of other wildlife.
  • Kovalam: Kovalam has some of the most beautiful beaches in India. Lighthouse Beach and Hawah Beach are must-sees.

Ghats in Varanasi, IndiaVaranasi // BBC


One of the world's oldest cities, Varanasi is the spiritual heart of India. Offering prayers at the holy Ganges, attending the evening aarti at the ghats, and exploring narrow lane markets make for an other-worldly experience.

The best things to do in Varanasi:

  • Ganges River: Embark on a boat ride at sunrise along the sacred Ganges River for a spiritual experience and to witness the religious practices and ceremonies along the ghats.
  • Dasaswamedh Ghat: Dasaswamedh Ghat is one of the oldest and holiest in Varanasi. Attend the elaborate and vibrant Ganga Aarti ceremony held here each evening.
  • The Ghats: Take a walk along the ghats (flights of steps down to the river), such as Assi Ghat and Manikarnika Ghat, each with its own story and significance.
  • Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple: Dedicated to Lord Shiva, the Kashi Vishwanath Temple is one of the most famous Hindu temples and an important pilgrimage spot.
  • Ramnagar Fort: Located near the Ganges River, this 18th-century fort and palace complex offers a glimpse into the history and magnificence of the Maharajas of Varanasi.

Beach in Goa, IndiaGoa // Unsplash


For those seeking a beach vacation, Goa is the place to be. Whether it's the bustling beaches of Baga and Calangute or the laid-back sands of Agonda and Palolem, there’s something for everyone.

The best things to do in Goa:

  • Baga Beach: Make the most of the beach life in Goa by indulging in water sports or simply relaxing by the sea at Baga Beach.
  • Fort Aguada: This 17th-century Portuguese fort offers a peek into Goa's colonial past and offers an unbeatable view of the Arabian Sea.
  • Latin Quarter (Fontainhas): Step into Goa's colorful Latin Quarter. Known for its Portuguese influences, vibrant buildings, and laid-back vibe, Fontainhas in Panjim is a must-visit.
  • Spice Plantations: A trip to Goa's aromatic spice plantations is another to-do. Learn about traditional cultivation methods, enjoy breathtaking views, and savor a Goan meal cooked with the spices you've just discovered.

Hidden Gems

Now that you've added the mainstream attractions to your itinerary, let's dive into some of India's more off-the-beaten-track sights and activities.

Ancient ruins in Hampi, IndiaHampi // The New York Times


Wander amongst the ruins of the ancient Vijayanagara Empire in Hampi, Karnataka. With its intriguing ruins, strikingly surreal landscapes, and laid-back vibe, Hampi offers a journey back in time.


Known as the "Switzerland of India," this beautiful hill station in Himachal Pradesh features dense forests, lakes, and lovely Swiss-esque homes.


Known as the Golden City, it's the gateway to the Thar Desert. The Jaisalmer Fort, camel safaris, and desert culture make it a magical escape.


If pristine white beaches, clear waters, and snorkeling intrigue you, Tarkarli, in Maharashtra, is your go-to destination.

Rann of Kutch

A white salt desert that stretches to the horizon, the ethereal charm of the Rann of Kutch in Gujarat during full moon nights is an experience of a lifetime.

Hillside village in Darjeeling, IndiaDarjeeling // Unsplash

Bucket List Experiences

India is full of once-in-a-lifetime experiences you won't want to miss. Add these to your India bucket list!

  • Visit the Taj Mahal at sunrise: Watch the monument glow as the first rays of the sun hit its marble surface.
  • Attend the Holi Festival: Known as the "Festival of Colors," experiencing the kaleidoscope of Holi is a once-in-a-lifetime must.
  • Experience a camel safari in the Thar Desert: Sleep under the stars and ride the ships of the desert.
  • Explore the backwaters of Kerala: Drift through picturesque landscapes on a houseboat.
  • Take a toy train ride in Darjeeling: Chug through the misty mountains and tea gardens.
  • Practice Yoga in Rishikesh: Go on a Yoga retreat in the "Yoga Capital of the World."
  • Eat your way through Old Delhi: A culinary adventure that tantalizes all senses.
  • Go trekking in the Himalayas: Find solace amidst the towering peaks and serene landscapes.

Exterior of Jal Mahal, Rajasthan, IndiaJal Mahal // Unsplash

Travel Tips

Understanding some basics about India will definitely make your travel easier and more fulfilling. Here are some handy tips!

  • Entry and exit requirements: A passport, with at least six months of remaining validity, and a tourist visa are the basic requirements. You can apply for an e-Visa online through the official Indian government system.
  • Language: Hindi and English are the two primary languages used for administrative purposes, with English widely understood across tourist places.
  • Currency: The national currency is the Indian Rupee (INR). Credit cards are accepted in major cities, but it’s always a good idea to have some cash at hand for smaller towns and villages.
  • Getting around: Travel in India can be an adventure itself. Choose from flights for long distances, trains for an economical yet enriching ride, buses, auto-rickshaws, or taxis for a quick transfer. App-based cab services are quite popular in cities.
  • Plugs and adaptors: India uses plug types C, D, and M. The standard voltage is 230V, with a frequency of 50 Hz. Bring a travel adapter if your devices don't match the plug type or voltage.

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India eSIM: Stay Connected With Airalo

Stay connected during your trip to India with an eSIM from Airalo. An eSIM is a tiny SIM that's embedded in your device and works 100% digitally. You can download an eSIM plan for your destination and instantly connect to a mobile network. There's no need to find a SIM card vendor, manage multiple SIMs, or worry about roaming fees. 

Here are just some of the benefits of using an Airalo eSIM:

  • Connect to a mobile network within minutes.
  • Choose from flexible local, regional, and global data plans.
  • Say goodbye to expensive roaming charges.
  • Store multiple eSIM data plans on your device.
  • Need more data? Top up in the Airalo app.

You're all set to plan a trip to India! Head to the Airalo store to browse eSIMs for India and 200+ countries and regions worldwide.

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