Panduan Perjalanan México: Semua yang Perlu Anda Ketahui

Mexico travel guide

From stunning beaches to ancient ruins, México offers something for every type of traveler. In this comprehensive guide, we'll take you through the best time to visit, top attractions, hidden gems, bucket list experiences, and essential travel tips. Plus, we'll show you how Airalo's eSIM services can enhance your travel experience, keeping you connected wherever you go. Let's dive in!

In this article:

Beach in MexicoUnsplash

Best Time To Visit México

México is a year-round destination, but the best time to visit depends on your preferences. The peak tourist season is from December to April when the weather is dry and temperatures are moderate. However, if you prefer fewer crowds and lower prices, consider visiting during the shoulder seasons of May to June or September to October. The summer months (July and August) can be hot and humid, but they're also when you'll find colorful festivals and vibrant cultural events.

Top Attractions in México

Mexico is a vibrant country with a wealth of attractions and activities to offer. From exploring ruins to relaxing on beautiful beaches, there's something for everyone to enjoy. Here are the top attractions to add to your Mexico itinerary.

Chichen Itza, MexicoFreepik

Chichén Itzá

This ancient Mayan city is a UNESCO World Heritage site and one of México's most famous landmarks. Explore the iconic Kukulkan Pyramid, Temple of Warriors, and Great Ball Court.

The best things to do in Chichén Itzá:

  • Explore the Kukulkan Pyramid: This impressive Mayan temple, also known as El Castillo, serves as the centerpiece of Chichén Itzá and is a must-see attraction. 
  • Visit the Temple of the Warriors: Discover the Temple of the Warriors, an incredible structure featuring rows of columns with intricate carvings. 
  • Explore the Sacred Cenote: This large natural sinkhole was considered sacred to the ancient Mayans. Learn about the cenote's religious significance and its use in ancient rituals. 
  • Discover the Temple of the Jaguars: Head to the Temple of the Jaguars, also known as the Ossuary. Marvel at the intricate carvings and the mysterious chamber that was believed to be used for ceremonies and rituals involving human sacrifices.
  • Enjoy the Light and Sound Show: In the evenings, experience the awe-inspiring Light and Sound Show, where the ruins of Chichén Itzá come to life with stunning visual and audio effects. 

Tulum, MexicoUnsplash

Tulum

Perched on a cliff overlooking the turquoise waters of the Caribbean Sea, Tulum is a must-visit beach destination. Explore the well-preserved ruins, soak up the sun on pristine beaches, and take a refreshing dip in the Cenote Dos Ojos.

The best things to do in Tulum:

  • Explore the Tulum ruins: Begin your Tulum adventure by visiting the famous Tulum ruins, perched on a cliff overlooking the Caribbean Sea. Take a walk through history as you admire the well-preserved temples and learn about the fascinating Mayan civilization. 
  • Relax on Tulum's beaches: Tulum is renowned for its pristine beaches with powdery white sand and crystal-clear turquoise waters. Spend a day lounging under a palapa, soaking up the sun, and swimming in the Caribbean Sea. 
  • Visit the Tulum cenotes: No visit to Tulum is complete without exploring the cenotes, natural sinkholes filled with clear freshwater. Swim in their refreshing waters, surrounded by limestone rock formations, and discover the magical beauty of these natural wonders. Popular cenotes you can visit include Gran Cenote, Dos Ojos, and Cenote Calavera.
  • Discover the Tulum art scene: Tulum has become a hub for artists and creative souls, with vibrant street art, galleries, and unique art installations. Take a stroll along the main street or venture into the town center to admire the colorful murals, intricate sculptures, and contemporary art. 

Mexico City, MexicoUnsplash

México City

Immerse yourself in the buzzing energy of México's capital city. Discover the historic center, visit the famous Frida Kahlo Museum, explore the ancient city of Teotihuacan, and indulge in delicious street food.

The best things to do in México City:

  • Explore the historic center: Visit the heart of México City and immerse yourself in its rich history. Explore attractions like the Zocalo, the main square of the city, where you can admire the Metropolitan Cathedral and the National Palace. Don't miss the Templo Mayor, an archaeological site that offers insights into the Aztec civilization. 
  • Visit the Frida Kahlo Museum: Step into the world of renowned Mexican artist Frida Kahlo at her former home, now known as the Frida Kahlo Museum or Casa Azul. Explore the colorful rooms, admire Kahlo's artwork, and learn about her life and legacy. The museum provides a fascinating glimpse into the life of one of México's most celebrated artists.
  • Discover the artistic treasures of the Palacio de Bellas Artes: Marvel at the stunning architecture of the Palacio de Bellas Artes, a cultural center that showcases México's artistic heritage. Inside, you can admire exquisite murals by famous artists such as Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros. 
  • Explore the ancient city of Teotihuacan: Take a day trip from México City and visit the ancient city of Teotihuacan. Explore the impressive pyramids, including the Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon, and climb to the top for panoramic views of the UNESCO-listed site. 
  • Indulge in Mexican cuisine at street food markets: México City is known for its incredible street food scene. Head to Mercado de la Merced, Mercado Roma, or Mercado Coyoacan to experience an array of traditional Mexican dishes such as tacos, tamales, quesadillas, and more.
  • Attend a lucha libre show: Attending a lucha libre show is an experience unlike any other! The colorful costumes, high-flying acrobatics, and rowdy crowd make for an unforgettable night of entertainment.

Aerial view of Cancun, MexicoUnsplash

Cancun

Known for its stunning beaches and vibrant nightlife, Cancun is the perfect destination for sun-seekers and party-goers. Enjoy water sports, explore the underwater world of the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef, and dance the night away at the renowned clubs.

The best things to do in Cancun:

  • Explore Cancun's Hotel Zone: Take a tour of the Hotel Zone, also known as "Zona Hotelera," which is the primary tourist area in Cancun. Enjoy the beautiful white sand beaches, indulge in water sports, go snorkeling or diving, and experience the vibrant nightlife this area has to offer.
  • Visit the Mayan ruins: Take a day trip to the nearby Mayan ruins to immerse yourself in the rich history and culture of the region. Popular ruins to visit include Tulum, Chichen Itza, and Coba. 
  • Swim in cenotes: Explore the natural wonders of the cenotes, sinkholes filled with crystal-clear turquoise water. You can go swimming, snorkeling, or diving in these unique underground pools and discover the stunning rock formations and underwater caves.
  • Experience Isla Mujeres: Take a trip to Isla Mujeres, a small island located just off the coast of Cancun. Enjoy pristine beaches, go snorkeling or scuba diving in the colorful coral reefs, and explore the charming town with its laid-back atmosphere.
  • Enjoy adventure sports: Cancun offers a range of adventure sports for thrill-seekers. Try activities such as parasailing, jet skiing, zip-lining, or jungle tours to get your adrenaline pumping and experience the natural beauty of the region in a unique way.

Guadalajara, MexicoUnsplash 

Guadalajara

Guadalajara, the vibrant capital of Jalisco state in México, is a city that seamlessly blends rich history, colorful culture, and modern charm. Known as the birthplace of Mariachi music and tequila, it offers a unique blend of traditional Mexican heritage and contemporary flair.

The best things to do in Guadalajara:

  • Explore the Historic Downtown: Start your visit by exploring the vibrant Historic Downtown of Guadalajara, also known as Centro Histórico. Wander through its charming streets and admire the stunning architecture of the Cathedral of Guadalajara, Hospicio Cabañas, and Plaza de Armas.
  • Visit the Guadalajara Cathedral: The Guadalajara Cathedral is a must-visit landmark in the city. Step inside this awe-inspiring cathedral and marvel at its stunning interior adorned with intricate decorations and beautiful stained glass windows. Climb to the top for panoramic views of the city.
  • Explore Tlaquepaque: Just outside of Guadalajara, you'll find the artistic and bohemian neighborhood of Tlaquepaque. Explore its cobbled streets lined with galleries, boutique shops, and traditional craft stores. Enjoy live mariachi music, taste delicious regional cuisine, and shop for unique handicrafts and pottery.
  • Discover the Hospicio Cabañas: Visit the Hospicio Cabañas, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most significant cultural landmarks in Guadalajara. This former hospital features impressive Neoclassical architecture and hosts a collection of Jose Clemente Orozco's murals, which are considered masterpieces of Mexican art.
  • Experience mariachi music: Guadalajara is the birthplace of the famous mariachi music. Don't miss the opportunity to immerse yourself in this traditional Mexican music by attending a live Mariachi performance. Head to Plaza de los Mariachis or visit one of the many mariachi-themed venues in the city and enjoy the lively atmosphere.

Aerial view of Puerto Vallarta, MexicoiStock

Puerto Vallarta

Puerto Vallarta, located on the picturesque Pacific coast of México, is a tropical paradise that offers something for everyone. With its stunning beaches, vibrant culture, and natural beauty, it's a popular destination for travelers.

The best things to do in Puerto Vallarta:

  • Explore El Malecón: Take a leisurely stroll along El Malecón, Puerto Vallarta's iconic boardwalk. It offers stunning views of the ocean, vibrant street art, sculptures, shops, restaurants, and a lively atmosphere.
  • Visit the Zona Romantica: Discover the charm of Zona Romantica, the city's old town. Explore its narrow cobblestone streets, browse through boutique shops, dine at local restaurants, and immerse yourself in the vibrant culture of the area.
  • Relax on the beaches: Enjoy the sun, sand, and surf at Puerto Vallarta's beautiful beaches. Playa Los Muertos, Conchas Chinas, and Banderas Bay are popular choices. 
  • Take a boat tour to the Marietas Islands: Embark on a boat tour to the breathtaking Marietas Islands, located just off the coast of Puerto Vallarta. Explore hidden beaches, snorkel in crystal-clear waters, and admire the unique ecosystem and wildlife that inhabits these protected islands.
  • Visit the Church of Our Lady of Guadalupe: Visit the Church of Our Lady of Guadalupe, an iconic landmark in Puerto Vallarta. Admire the beautiful architecture and interior of this historic church, which holds great significance for the local community.

street leading to a church in MexicoUnsplash

Hidden Gems

México is full of hidden gems, off-the-beaten-path destinations that often go unnoticed by tourists. Here are five hidden gems you should consider adding to your itinerary:

Bacalar

Often referred to as the "Maldives of México," Bacalar is a hidden gem with its pristine lagoon of seven shades of blue. Rent a kayak or paddleboard to explore the lagoon's cenotes and indulge in ultimate relaxation.

Isla Holbox

Escape the crowds and discover the laid-back charm of Isla Holbox. This car-free island is a paradise for nature lovers, with its crystal-clear waters, white sand beaches, and the opportunity to swim with whale sharks.

San Cristóbal de las Casas

Nestled in the highlands of Chiapas, San Cristobal de las Casas offers a blend of indigenous culture, colonial architecture, and natural beauty. Explore the colorful markets, visit nearby indigenous villages, and hike to the striking Montebello Lakes.

Mérida

Get ready to fall head over heels for the charming city of Mérida. This cultural gem in the Yucatán Peninsula is known for its vibrant atmosphere, colonial architecture, and rich Mayan heritage. Don't miss the opportunity to try traditional dishes like cochinita pibil and sopa de lima.

San Miguel de Allende

San Miguel de Allende, located in the picturesque highlands of central México, is a colonial town with a unique blend of history, art, and charm. Explore its UNESCO-listed historic center with well-preserved Spanish architecture, colorful facades, and cobblestone streets. 

Cenote in MexicoFreepik

Bucket List Experiences

México offers several bucket list experiences that will create memories to last a lifetime. Here are ten things you absolutely shouldn't miss:

  • Swim with turtles in Akumal.
  • Explore the underground rivers of Xcaret.
  • Witness the Monarch butterfly migration in Michoacan.
  • Take a boat tour to the Marieta Islands and see the hidden beach.
  • Attend a traditional Day of the Dead celebration in Oaxaca.
  • Discover the beauty of the Copper Canyon by train.
  • Soak in the natural hot springs of Hierve el Agua.
  • Explore the vibrant street art scene in México City's neighborhoods.
  • Trek through the jungles of Palenque and marvel at ancient Mayan ruins.
  • Witness the mesmerizing bioluminescence in the waters of Holbox at night.

Dirt road lined with shops and palm trees in MexicoUnsplash

México Travel Tips

  • Language: English is widely spoken in tourist areas, but knowing a few basic Spanish phrases can go a long way in México. Locals will appreciate your effort, and it can make your interactions more enjoyable.
  • Currency: The official currency is the Mexican Peso (MXN). Credit cards are widely accepted in major establishments, but it's always good to have some cash for smaller vendors and markets.
  • Getting around: México has an extensive network of buses, making it easy to travel between cities. Alternatively, domestic flights are available for longer distances. Public transportation within cities includes taxis, local buses, and subway systems.
  • Plugs and adapters: México uses the same electrical outlets as the United States, with a standard voltage of 127V. If your device has a different plug type, it's recommended to bring a universal adapter.

Airalo eSIM for Mexico

México eSIM: Stay Connected With Airalo

Stay connected during your trip to México with an eSIM from Airalo. An eSIM is a tiny SIM that's embedded in your device and works 100% digitally. You can download an eSIM plan for your destination and instantly connect to a mobile network. There's no need to find a SIM card vendor, manage multiple SIMs, or worry about roaming fees. 

Here are just some of the benefits of using an Airalo eSIM:

  • Connect to a mobile network within minutes.
  • Choose from flexible local, regional, and global data plans.
  • Say goodbye to expensive roaming charges.
  • Store multiple eSIM data plans on your device.
  • Need more data? Top up in the Airalo app.

You're all set to plan a trip to the México! Head to the Airalo store to browse eSIMs for México and 200+ countries and regions worldwide.


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